counseling skill

Topics: School counselor, Psychotherapy, Counseling psychology Pages: 22 (6358 words) Published: December 21, 2014


Counseling skills

Prepared by:
Gulle Bakir Abdulla
Avesta Kaife Hamad
Dahen Luqman Raza
Dawan Qadr Omar
Kurdistan Rashid Xurshid

Date of submission
22/2/2014

Content
Pages
Introduction
1
History of counseling skill and counseling definition
1-2
Skill and counseling skill definition , type of counseling and important of counseling 3
advantage and aim of counseling
4
Basic of counseling skill
5-6
Field of counseling
6-7
The difference between the counseling, psychotherapy and psychoanalytic therapy 7-8
Definition of counselor
8
Characteristic of good counselor
8-9
Counselor patient relation ship
10-11
Counseling process
11
Create communication and skill
12-14
Case example.

15-18
Conclusion

19
References

Introduction:
Counseling is a wonderful twentieth-century invention. We live in a complex, busy, changing world. In this world, there are many different types of experience that are difficult for people to cope with. Most of the time, we get on with life, but sometimes we are stopped in our tracks by an event or situation that we do not, at that moment, have the resources to sort out. Most of the time, we find ways of dealing with such problems in living by talking to family, friends, neighbours, priests or our family doctor. But occasionally their advice is not sufficient, or we are too embarrassed or ashamed to tell them what is bothering us, or we just don’t have an appropriate person to turn to. Counselling is a really useful option at these moments. In most places, counselling is available fairly quickly, and costs little or nothing. The counselor does not diagnose or label you, but does his or her best to listen to you and work with you to find the best ways to understand and resolve your problem.1

History of counseling skill:
It developed in the late 1890sand early 1900s, and was interdisciplinary from its inception. “Some of the functions of counselors were and are shared by persons another professions”, beforethe 1900s, most counseling was in the form of advice or information. In the United States, counseling developed out of a humanitarian concern to improve the lives of those adversely affected by the Industrial Revolution of the mid- to late 1800s. The social welfare reform movement (now known as social justice), the spread of public education, and various changes in population makeup (e.g., the enormous influx of immigrants) also influenced the growth of the fledgling profession. Overall, “counseling emerged during a socially turbulent period that straddled the ending of one century and the beginning of another, a period marked by great change that caused a major shift in the way individuals viewed hem selves and others” . Counseling was an infant profession in the early 1900s. During this decade, however, three resins emerged as leaders in counseling’s development: Frank Parsons, Jesse B. Davis, and Clifford err. Frank Parsons, often called the founder of guidance, focused his work on growth and prevention. His influence was great in his time and it is “Parson’s body of work and his efforts to help others [that] lie at the center of the wheel that represents present day counseling”. He is best known for founding Boston’s Vocational Bureau in 1908, a major step in the institutionalization of vocational guidance. On development of counseling during the 1910s. The first was the 1913 founding of the National Vocational Guidance Association (NVGA), It evolved in later years to become the National Vocational Guidance Magazine (1933–1944) , finally, the Journal of Counseling and Development (1984 to the present). World War I was the third important event of the decade. During the war “counseling became more widely recognized as the military began to employ testing and placement practices for great numbers of military personnel” The 1920s were relatively quiet for the developing counseling profession....
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