Ecommerce and logistics

Topics: Logistics, Supply chain management, Supply chain Pages: 43 (8713 words) Published: October 24, 2013
THE IMPACT OF E-COMMERCE ON TRANSPORT

E-commerce and Consequences for the Logistics Industry

Ola Hultkrantz
Kenth Lumsden
Department of Transportation and Logistics
Chalmers University of Technology
S-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden
fax: +46 31 772 13 37
e-mail: ohz@mot.chalmers.se
krl@mot.chalmers.se

Table of Contents
ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................................................. 1 1

INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................. 1

1.1

Background................................................................................................................................................ 1

1.2

Scope ........................................................................................................................................................... 2

1.3

Research questions .................................................................................................................................... 2

2

NEW FLOW STRUCTURES AS A CONSEQUENCE OF E-COMMERCE..................................... 2

2.1

Flow requirements..................................................................................................................................... 2

2.2

Model for information in e-commerce ..................................................................................................... 4

2.3

The supply chain flows .............................................................................................................................. 6

3

DISTRIBUTION DEVELOPMENT WITHIN E-COMMERCE............................................................ 7

3.1

Conventional distribution ......................................................................................................................... 7

3.2

Distribution structures for Internet buying ............................................................................................ 7

3.3

Distribution Channels ............................................................................................................................... 7

3.4

Upstream and downstream consequences ............................................................................................... 8

3.5

Delivery parameters .................................................................................................................................. 9

3.6

Logistics systems’ changeability............................................................................................................. 10

3.7

Analysis of distribution development within e-commerce ................................................................... 10

4

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.................................................................................................. 11

4.1

Requirement of a sustainable society..................................................................................................... 12

4.2

Perspectives of e-commerce .................................................................................................................... 13

5

SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................................... 14

6

REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................... 15

E-commerce and Consequences for
the Logistics Industry

page 1

Hultkrantz and Lumsden

ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper is the logistics consequences of the development of E-commerce concerning physical products. The consequences will be analysed with a Supply Chain view and the perspective from the transport and logistic providers.

An e-commerce...

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