Improve the Quality of Life of HIV/AIDS

Topics: Project management, AIDS, HIV Pages: 12 (3489 words) Published: July 2, 2013
Improve the Quality of Life of HIV/AIDS
Infected and Affected (I/A) Children

Donor: WHO

By Afar Women, children, and youth affair bureau

To be implemented in mille woreda

October, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1. THE OVERALL BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT
1.1 WHY IS THERE A NEED TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF
LIFE OF HIV/AIDS (I/A) CHILDREN
1.2 IDENTIFICATION OF KEY FACTOR WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO THE
CURRENT POOR QUALITY OF LIFE OF HV/AIDS (I/A) CHILDREN
1.3 HOW DOES LIFTING THE STIGMA OF HIV/AIDS HELP IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF HIV/AIDS (I/A) CHILDREN
1.4 WHY DID WE CHOOSE MILLE, IN AFAR REGION AS THE PILOT SITE 2. PROBLEMS, CAUSES AND EFFECTS
2.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT
2.2 CAUSES
2.3 EFFECTS
3. METHODOLOGY
3.1 OVERALL APPROACH
4. PROJECT OVERALL OBJECTIVE, STAKEHOLDERS PURPOSE AND
COMPONENTS
4.1 OVERALL OBJECTIVE AND PROJECT PURPOSE
4.2 PROJECT TARGET GROUPS
4.3 PROJECTS COMPONENTS
5. PROJECT RESULTS
6. PROJECT BUDGET
7. MONITORING AND EVALUATION
8. PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY
9. CONCLUSION

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). AIDS is now the world’s leading cause of premature death among both men and women aged 15 to 59 and the combat of AIDS has been identified as one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the United Nations (UN) in 2000. In 2007, 2 million children are living with HIV and every hour, around 31 children die as a result of AIDS. According to the UN, the most understated impact of HIV/AIDS is the effects it has on the protection of children’s basic human rights, specifically the rights to; • Survival, development and protection from abuse, neglect and economic exploitation; • Participate in decision making in matters concerning them; • Have their best interests as the primary consideration;

• Be free from discrimination.
Children who are themselves living with HIV/AIDS, or have lost one or both parents to HIV/AIDS, often experience discrimination and exclusion from the community as a result of stigma. HIV/AIDS stigma and gender inequalities continue to increase the vulnerability of the groups most at risk of HIV. Children living with HIV have many practical and material needs, but they also have social, psychological and emotional needs. Addressing their emotional needs has positive outcomes on individuals and communities. As quoted by UN Secretary-General, Mr Ban Ki-Moon: “"Stigma remains the single most important barrier to public action. Stigma is a chief reason why the AIDS epidemic continues to devastate societies around the world". Ethiopia is one of the Sub-Saharan countries HIV/AIDS affects heavily. The national HIV prevalence among adults age 15 to 49 is estimated to be 2.2 percent (1.8 percent for males and 2.6 for females) in 2008. It is estimated that by the year 2000, the number of children orphaned as a result of AIDS will be 156,150 in Ethiopia. Afar region is also one of the regions in Ethiopia where HIV/AIDS brought a number of deaths to the people of Afar; and also stigma and discrimination of PLHA (People Living with HIV/AIDS) continues to exist. The 2008 prevalence in Afar Regional State is estimated to be 2.0 percent. In Afar Regional State, hotel- and home-based FSWs practice transactional sex. Most adolescent girls have sexual relationships with older men, such as migrant workers and truckers. Adolescents in Afar Regional State have little knowledge about HIV/AIDS. These factors, combined with the widespread use of substances like khat and shisha and low utilization of condoms, fuels the rapid spread of HIV/AIDS in the community. The absence of HIV/AIDS-related services in the area aggravates the problem. It was estimated that there were a total of 81,121orphans in the region in 2005.Of these 10,089 were orphans of HIV/AIDS. Of...
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