AP Eng.12, period 2
May 2nd, 2008
Literature and Human Condition
God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground." - (Genesis 1, 26-27).
God’s command to Adam was:
You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die" - (Genesis 2, 16-17)
Adam ignored God’s command and thus begins our nature. Human nature is characterized by ignorance, selfish desire and craving, desire to do good and evil, and greed. Human condition is characterized mostly by suffering, war, oppression, poverty, vain striving, and disappointment. Humans have free will and determination. The determination of humans is why we have achieved our many goals. In Candide, by Voltaire, Candide succeeds in finding Lady Cunegonde only because of his shear determination. He was prepared to do anything and he did everything he could do to get her back. He sold all his jewels, traveled long and hazardous journeys, and even risked his life. His determination makes him do whatever he has to do. His mind was prepared to get to his goal: his motivation evolved from his determination to find his love, and he succeeds in it also. Determination is also seen in athletes and adventurers. Its there determined mind—the decision that they have to win—that takes them to their success. Without determination humans cannot succeed. Determination and ideas play a crucial role in our human condition. According to God, man was made, in likeness to God, to rule over the whole earth. Now , that is what man is doing. Man has taken over the whole earth, and making all other living beings as its slaves. Our ruling over all the living beings has even brought many animals to extinction. The recent domination has been through cyber space and video games. Man has even expanded his domination into outer space. After the first space walk, that took place on March 18, 1965, man has developed ingenious technologies and machines that have taken human experience to more-than-half of the Milky Way Galaxy. Humans now have the technology to bring outer space matter back to earth. This could lead to finding of aliens, and then man would have aliens under their control also. There have been attempts to rule of each other among man, for example the atomic bombing. Man has always fought, from his birth, for domination over others. From the time of Alexander the Great to the present, there have been wars around the world for the domination. This has lead to nuclear technology and warfare. Now destroying even the whole earth is possible with a press of a button. Even though the united Nations have attempted to promote peace, they have had little effect on competing nations. More nations are now turning to nuclear products: either for power, or weapons. If this trend continues each and every country will be prompted to make nuclear weapons and plants, because of fear of destruction. What is the human condition? The current humans do not have peace or health: people in the past enjoyed more of these luxuries. Today energy crisis, pollution, poverty, and war has competed and won over peace and health. War continues to take place around the world, water and air are polluted, soil is depleted and human existence is at steak, because human actions are causing destruction to our planet. Teenagers are committing suicide at an alarming level and unemployment is as high. Developed nations are suffering from widespread alcoholism and obesity. There is a vicious cycle between junk foods, obesity, and hospitals or pharmaceutical companies. People are now following the ancient diets and method of living. Herbs and medicinal plants are now valued more than that of during anytime, because their values...
Cited: Arouet(Voltaire), François-Marie. Candide. 1759.
Becket, Samuel. Waiting for Godot. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1957.
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr. One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich. USSR: Signet Classic, 1963
The Holy Bible.
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