The Theme Reflected Trough the Characters’ Personality in Luigi Pirandello’s War CHAPTER I
One of the literary works that we have known so well is short story. The short story is comprised of certain identifiable devices, each of which contributes to the making of an integrated and unified whole. A short story has elements that create the story: characters, plot, theme and setting. Those elements build the story become real and interesting to the reader and also create imagination, in the reader’s mind. Theme is the central idea about life that unifies and controls the total work. Theme in literature is the author’s way of communicating and sharing ideas, perceptions, and feelings with the readers. It can also used to explore the puzzling questions of human existence (Pickering, 2004). The other important element is plot. Plot is the pattern of events of the story, with emphasize on cause and effect. The writer decided to use the short story entitled War by Luigi Pirandello because it bring a new consciousness to our mind. Trough this story, the author makes the reader aware how is actually human nature when facing something sad. The theme of this short story also represents that idea. In this paper the writer analyses the theme which is represented trough the characters’ personality. The theme has a very important role to build the story in Luigi Pirandello’s War. The story tells about some people as passengers on a carriage. There is an fat old man who loses his son. The all characters especially the fat old man are representing the theme of the short story itself. That is why the writer is interested in analysing this short story using intrinsic approach. 1.2. Statement of the Problem
1. What is the theme of the Luigi Pirandello’s War?
2. How the theme is reflected by the characters’ personality in the short story?
2.1. The theme of Luigi Pirandello’s War
Pirandello's short story War is a fine example of enlightenment as well as how this sudden realization can cast meaning on the entirety of a narrative. The main theme of this short story is the human nature. Human nature is very interesting to be studied. The basic need of human to exist and pay attended is influenced by their experience in life. Human nature is represented trough their personality. This is what Luigi trying to say in his story. It is human nature to be sad when something bad comes up. On the other hand it is also our nature to deny sadness. Some people try to deny the sadness by pretending that everything is alright. The sadness is represented by the character the couple in the story. They cannot accept their son’s destiny to be died in the war. They are mourning and spread the sad feeling surround them. There is also another human nature represented in this story. It is also human nature for being selfish. Sometimes a human wants to be better than the other. Someone will feel superior when they have something that the others don’t have. This human nature is represented by the other passengers. "What about me? I have two sons and three nephews at the front,"(Pirandello, 1918). They show that beside the fact that the couple husband and wife that just lose their son, they are more suffer than the other. They reveal how much their member of the family that goes to the war and dead. Instead of entertain the mourning couple they show that actually each of them suffers also in some ways. The third human that is to deny information that will create negative effects. Or in other words, our nature is to deny certain truths. In this case is painful truth. The characters in this short story must suffer from losing their son because of war. The old man denies that fact and pretends to be alright. He keeps saying about the son that actually is not parent’s property. He is trying to show that even he loses his son it doesn’t even matter. It is shown...
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Pickering, James H, Reader’s Guide to the Short Story, USA: Perason Education Inc, 2004.
Tyson, lois, Critical Theory Today, New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1999.
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