Nature vs. Nurture
Have you ever wondered if you were born to become the person that you are or if your environment and life situations made you the person you are? Perhaps it is in your genes to be selfish or over-sensitive or carefree. Or perhaps it is your lifestyle and day to day situations that lead you to this point. Researchers and scientists agree that nature overpowers nurture and that you are who you are because you cannot be anything else but that nurture also shapes your innate personality characteristics into the person you currently are. First of all, child development is down to both nature and nurture. According to Bowlby’s (1969) theory of attachment, the mother and child develop a bond because of the innate instinct to ensure survival. Moreover, Chomsky (1965) declared that humans learn language through an innate language acquisition device. However, Bandura’s (1977) social learning theory says that aggression is learnt from the environment through observation and imitation. Furthermore, Skinner (1957) thought that language is learnt from other people via behavior shaping techniques (McLeod, 2007). So, in other words, there is a point in between where both extremes come together and make reality what it is. There is a new way for researchers and scientists to see things. A child might be born with the innate drive to survive, but it is the love and affection of a caring mother that makes the bond stronger between them. Secondly, it is said that intelligence is determined by genetics; however, it is also said that nurture shapes the brain structure’s development into the full innate brain’s potential. Having great genes alone is worth little if intelligence is not nurtured in healthy and stimulating environments (John, 2001). For example, a musical genius is born to outstand in every aspect of the field, but if the tools are not given to him or her, the talent stays latent. Moreover, a child’s intelligence cannot be determined before the age of...
References: Collins, N. (2012, May 6). It 's nature, not nurture: personality lies in genes, twins study shows. Retrieved from The Telegraph: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/9267147/its-nature-not-nurture-personality-lies-in-genes-twins-study-shows.html
John. (2001, July). Nature and Nurture (N&N). Retrieved from UCSB: http://www.soc.ucsb.edu/faculty/baldwin/classes/soc142/n&n.html
McLeod, S. (2007). Nature vs. Nurture in Psychology. Retrieved from Simple Psychology: http://www.simplypsychology.org/naturevsnurture.html
Rockoff, J. D. (2013, September 16). Nature vs. Nurture: New Science Stirs Debate -- How Behavior Is Shaped; Who 's an Orchid, Who 's a Dandelion. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal: http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424127887323527004579079132234671374
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