Nurture Versus Nature Article Summary

Topics: Nature versus nurture, Tabula rasa, Human nature Pages: 2 (794 words) Published: January 21, 2009
Through the Looking Glass is an article that discusses the psychological ideas about why we are the way we are. Scientists and philosophers have gathered that we are either “a product either of our heredity or our environment,” in which turned into the great nature versus nurture debate. The article further goes into describing how and what exactly does make us who we are. Starting out with a biological viewpoint. The article starts out discussing how genes play a surprising role in developing our complex traits, along with environmental influences. Today researches yearn to find out just how nurture and nature work together to determine whom we become. Next, the article further discusses the idea of biological development of the embryo to birth. At the Nobel conference at Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota will discuss this great debate, which has been being researched and discusses for years and years. The article then discusses, starting with the first most prominent philosopher that added to the nature-nurture debate, Britain’s John Locke. Locke was one of the first ones to suggest that babies were born as “blank slates.” Locke, however, wasn’t the only one. Sir Isaac Newton, Sir Francis Bacon, and Robert Boyle all were empiricists. A few decades later a French philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rosseau who built his views on Locke’s but also considered that children were inherently different than adults and needed special care. Although he did disagree with Locke and believed that you were “hardwired” when you were born. A Roman physician Galen, believed that it was a combination of biological and environmental factors that determined one’s self. This brought up anti dualism/dualism protests about science and medicine. However, his claim went ignored for a long time. That is until Kagan published Galen’s Prophecy (1994). Which builds the case for a political agenda as well the “good doctor’s”. Many other philosophers came up with similar ideas as Locke...
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