personalitytheoryoutline

Topics: Psychology, Nature versus nurture, Human nature Pages: 11 (2193 words) Published: May 29, 2015


Personality Theory

Liberty University

Abstract
There are six major tenets of personality theory and they are organized as either a foundation of personality or a progression of personality. The tenets related to foundation of personality are Nature vs. Nurture, the Unconscious, and View of Self. The tenets directly related to progression of personality are Development, Motivation and Maturation. These tenets will be discussed and give light as to why people behave the way they do, whether or not people have some choice in shaping their individual personality, whether people are driven by unconscious forces, where pathologies originate from, whether human nature is shaped more by heredity or environment, reasons for similarities and differences among people and why people act in predictable as well as unpredictable ways. Theories, or a set of related assumptions that formulate a hypothesis will be introduced to help explain the six major tenets of personality theory. There will also be discussion as to how these tenets are related to biblical principles.

Personality Theory
Personality theory is a grand subject centered between six foundational tenets. Each tenet will be discussed in detail and be accompanied by factual, scholarly evidence. Each tenet is different from the other but also entwined in the whole of the personality. The tenets each have their own relation to the individual personality; however, they are also relational to one another and work together to make up the whole personality. In order to be psychologically healthy, certain progress needs met under each foundational tenet. Foundations of Personality

Nature versus Nurture
Nature versus nurture is perhaps the most complex foundational pillar of personality theory. Scientists are torn between whether nature or nurture, the environment is the basis of personality. This debate can be specifically applied to understanding the psychology of gender (Eagly & Wood, 2013). People are interested in these ideas because they have a great deal to do with personal identity as well as personal decision making (Eagly & Wood, 2013). Humans have evolved capacities to innovate and communicate with others which produces a cumulative culture in which beliefs and practices are shared and modified (Eagly & Wood, 2013). These capacities arise from novel environments and are a product of humans’ adaptation to variation itself (Eagly & Wood, 2013). This flexibility is apparent in both sexes evidenced in a division of labor across societies (Eagly & Wood, 2013). The activities that makeup the division of labor is derived in part from male and female biology or their physical attributes (Eagly & Wood, 2013). Some activities can be better performed by men because of their size and strength, whereas women have reproductive capability (Eagly & Wood, 2013). This division of labor depends on socioeconomic and ecological factors (Eagly & Wood, 2013). Within societies, the division of labor seems natural or inevitable due to social psychological processes involved in forming gender role beliefs (Eagly & Wood, 2013). These gender roles are generally accepted and support individuals who act in accordance with them and can also be used as internalized personal standards for individual behavior (Eagly & Wood, 2013). The social psychological influences act with biological processes including hormones which support the sociocultural factors that guide masculine and feminine behaviors within a culture (Eagly & Wood, 2013). A coherent message from psychology requires integration of diverse research on the psychology of women and men in regards to biosocial interaction theories that acknowledge causal roles (Eagly & Wood, 2013). The Unconscious

The unconscious is an important aspect of personality theory and personality is greatly affected by the unconscious. Ego state personality theory proposes that the personality is made up of...

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